Yoga is a practice that originated in India which is a traditional physical, mental and spiritual discipline.  The purpose of this practice is to reach a state of perfect spiritual insight and peaceful tranquility.  The word is associated with many disciplines in Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

There are many branches of yoga broken into philosophy types.  Within the Hindu philosophy the word is used to refer to one of the types of Hindu philosophyIn Bhuddhism yogic ideas can be found in their early sermons.  In Jainism, yoga is a total of three activities, mental, verbal and physical.

The Hindu branches or schools of teaching include:

Hatha Yoga
Bhakti Yoga
Jnana Yoga
Raja Yoga
Karma Yoga

The Hindu branch is only one branch of teaching and each area has various branches of teachings.

The word yoga has many meanings based on the school of teaching which comes from the sanskrit root word “yuj” which means to unite or control.  Other variations of the word mean uniting, joining, union, absorption, contemplation.

One who practices the yoga philosophy with a high level of commitment to the philosophy is referred to a yogi or yogini.


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